Life assurance, also known as life insurance, is a financial contract between an individual and an insurance company. It provides financial protection to the policyholder’s beneficiaries in the event of the policyholder’s death. The policyholder pays regular premiums to the insurance company, and in exchange, the insurance company pays out a lump sum, known as the death benefit, to the designated beneficiaries upon the death of the insured.
Life assurance serves as a means to provide financial security and support to the policyholder’s dependents or beneficiaries after their death. The death benefit received from the insurance company can help cover various expenses, such as funeral costs, outstanding debts, mortgage payments, education expenses, and the daily living expenses of the beneficiaries. It is different from General insurance which covers non-life categories such as motor insurance, theft insurance, and marine insurance.
Here are the general classes of life insurance:

Ordinary/Individual life insurance
Individual life insurance, also known as personal life insurance, is a type of life assurance policy that provides coverage for an individual’s life. It offers financial protection to the policyholder’s beneficiaries in the event of the policyholder’s death. The policyholder pays regular premiums to the insurance company, and in return, the insurance company pays out a death benefit to the designated beneficiaries upon the policyholder’s death. When choosing individual life insurance, it’s important to consider factors such as the coverage amount needed, affordability, financial goals, and personal circumstances. It’s advisable to assess your insurance needs and consult with a financial advisor or insurance professional who can provide guidance based on your specific situation.

Group Life Insurance
Group life insurance is a type of life insurance that provides coverage to a group of individuals, typically employees of a company or members of an organization. It is a common benefit offered by employers as part of their employee benefits package. Group life insurance offers financial protection to the beneficiaries of the insured members in the event of their death. Group life insurance is an important employee benefit as it provides financial security to the families and dependents of employees in the event of their untimely death. It helps ensure that loved ones are taken care of and can help cover expenses such as funeral costs, outstanding debts, and ongoing financial needs. It’s important for employees to review the details of their group life insurance coverage, including the coverage amount, beneficiaries, and any additional options or riders available. If necessary, employees may consider supplementing their group life insurance coverage with an individual policy to meet their specific needs.

Retirement/Pension Plans
Retirement plans are financial arrangements designed to help individuals accumulate savings during their working years to provide income and financial security during retirement. These plans are typically offered by employers or can be established by individuals independently. Retirement plans offer various tax advantages and investment options to help individuals grow their savings over time. Retirement plans offer individuals the opportunity to save and invest for their future retirement needs. The specific plan or combination of plans that individuals choose will depend on factors such as their employment situation, financial goals, tax considerations, and investment preferences. It’s important to understand the rules, contribution limits, tax implications, and potential employer matches associated with each retirement plan option. Consulting with a financial advisor can help individuals make informed decisions and develop a retirement savings strategy that aligns with their goals.

An annuity is a financial product that provides regular payments to an individual over a specified period of time, typically during retirement. It is designed to provide a steady income stream to help individuals meet their financial needs and ensure financial security in retirement. Annuities are typically offered by insurance companies, although they can also be purchased through other financial institutions. It’s important to carefully consider the terms, fees, surrender charges, and payout options associated with annuities. Annuities are long-term financial commitments, and individuals should assess their financial goals, risk tolerance, and retirement needs before purchasing an annuity. Consulting with a financial advisor is recommended to evaluate whether an annuity aligns with an individual’s overall financial plan and retirement objectives.

Investment/Unit Linked Contract
A unit-linked contract, also known as a unit-linked insurance policy or unit-linked plan, is a type of insurance product that combines insurance coverage with investment options. It offers individuals the opportunity to invest in various investment funds while providing life insurance coverage. Unit-linked contracts combine the benefits of insurance coverage and investment opportunities. They offer individuals the potential for investment growth and the ability to tailor their investments to their risk preferences. However, it’s important to carefully review and understand the terms, charges, and risks associated with the specific unit-linked contract before making a decision. Consulting with a financial advisor or insurance professional can provide further guidance based on individual financial goals and risk tolerance.

Funeral Insurance
Funeral insurance, also known as burial insurance or final expense insurance, is a type of insurance policy specifically designed to cover the costs associated with a funeral and burial. It provides a financial payout to help ease the financial burden on the deceased person’s family or designated beneficiaries. Funeral insurance is primarily intended to cover the specific expenses related to a funeral and burial. It is not designed to provide long-term income replacement or substantial financial protection beyond funeral costs. Therefore, individuals considering funeral insurance should carefully assess their needs and determine if additional life insurance coverage may be necessary to address broader financial obligations and responsibilities. As with any insurance product, it is important to review the terms, conditions, and coverage details of funeral insurance policies. Comparing multiple policies, understanding exclusions and limitations, and seeking advice from insurance professionals can help individuals make an informed decision about the type and amount of funeral insurance that best suits their needs.

When considering life assurance, it is important to assess your financial needs, consider the coverage amount required, evaluate the policy’s terms and conditions, and compare quotes from different insurance providers. It’s advisable to consult with a financial advisor or insurance professional to help you choose the most suitable life assurance policy for your specific circumstances.